This measurement may be in either inches or in millimeters. This is because the pressure from the bit is exerted on a narrower surface. Description: A 1½-inch port, 5½-inch mouthpiece, and 7¾-inch cheek make for a mild bit that’s probably my second go-to of my shanked bits. The bit can put pressure on the horse's bars, tongue, and roof of the mouth with the mouthpiece, and also put pressure on the poll and chin groove. With this comprehensive, practical guide, every equestrian will experience the rewards of using exactly the right piece of equipment. Descriptions cover every known bit -- from the simple snaffle to the double bridle. Antique Horse Bits Price / Value Guide: Browse FREE Antique Horse Bits Price & Value Guide. A bit that is too large will slide back and forth in the horse’s mouth, perhaps even knocking on the horse’s teeth. The width of a bit refers to its circumference at the widest part of the mouthpiece. FIND 1000's of Antiques, Art, Vintage & RARE Collectables - each item pictured, described and with it's price guide. So equip yourself with an understanding of how bits work - and the different action of each bit, to make choosing the right bit easier. The mouthpiece is positioned in the horse’s mouth to lie on top of the tongue. With a gentle hand the horse can be turned left or right or pulled up. Poorly fitted tack can lead to discomfort and injuries and can also lead to them acting out of character and misbehaving. The area in the horse's mouth where a bit communicates our pressures most effectively to the horse is called the bars. Most often, the headstall is adjusted so that the bit’s mouthpiece is positioned to lightly touch the horse’s mouth where the upper and lower lips join. For most horses, the thinner the bit, the more severe its action on the horse’s mouth. A common tack dilemma. A rider communicates with a horse in many ways, from a prod of the spurs, to voice commands, weight distribution, etc. Which bit for my horse? Bit #2: The Swivel Port. Bits usually have a single mouthpiece. Curb bits, including the pelham and Weymouth, are leverage bits which multiply the pressure put on the reins; the longer the shank, the more severe the pressure. It is hugely important to make sure all of your horse’s tack fits correctly. Choosing the right bit for your horse is often a challenge. Holding a shank in each hand, you can rotate one side of the mouthpiece a complete 360 degrees. It generally promotes mouthing and salivation. In this video Bomber Nel tells us about the actions of the different Gags and Snaffles. Merely changing a bit can transform a balky, hard-to-control horse into a smooth, contented partner. For a bit to work correctly, it needs to be sitting in the mouth correctly, and that means it must fit. 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