The porcupine’s body is black. The quills themselves are essentially modified hairs. In the wild: When cornered by a predator, the Cape Porcupine becomes aggressive, running backwards or sideways in an attempt to spear its attacker with its quills. Each Cape Porcupine is covered in bristly quills which vary in thickness. Subspecies: Hystrix africaeaustralis zuluensis (Roberts, 1936). https://animaldiversity.org/accounts/Hystrix_africaeaustralis Coloration Careless predators may end up with quills so deeply embedded that fatal wounds can develop. The Quills can be as long as 30 cm’s! May occasionally eat carrion. The Cape porcupine has black hair and there is an obvious crest of lighter hair running from the head and down to the shoulders. On its tail, the spines are hollow to make a rattling sound. 10.0-24.1 kg (22.0-52.1 lb) (Barthelmess 2006, 2016b), Head-body Length Slow, shuffling walk. Its proportions are not as attractive as its animal itself. Both parents care for offspring. Long quills cover its body, protecting it from predators. Weight : 10 to 19 kg. … Forage at night, singly or near each other in a small group: parent–offspring groups or adult pairs (possible mate guarding) (van Aarde 1987; Barthelmess 2016b). The quills of the cape porcupine are the longest in the world. Males: 8 to 18 months (van Aarde and Skinner 1986a) Forage above the ground (Happold 2013). If contact is made the porcupine’s quills can become dislodged and embedded in face and body of its pursuer. Extensive passageways and multiple exits. The spines covering the body measure about 50mm in length, with sharp black defence quills scattered in … 105-130 mm (4.13-5.1 in) (n = 2) (Barthelmess 2006; Happold 2013; Barthelmess 2016b). Otherwise, the porcupine may retreat into its burrow, exposing only its quills and making it hard to dislodge. San Diego (CA): San Diego Zoo Global; [accessed YYYY Mmm dd]. Can run quickly, when necessary. Monogamous (Morris and van Aarde 1985; van Aarde 1998). The difference between quills and spines is largely one of length and thickness, with spines up to 50 cm long and quills up to 30 cm long. Also hunted by humans for their meat and quills (Barthelmess 2016b). Communication The quills are banded black and white. The dif­fer­ence be­tween quills and spines is largely one of length and thick­ness, with spines up to 50 cm long and quills up to 30 cm long. Apparently this is the biggest porcupine in the world. Its proportions are not as attractive as its animal itself. This is a real African Cape Porcupine (Hystrix africaeaustralis) skull! Similar-looking species Facial whiskers long (Skinner and Chimimba 2005). Caught and killed by some farmers. They enter head first, so that their quills will point backward to the burrow's entrance. These porcupines are covered with flat, bristly hairs and have quills and spines on the posterior back and flanks. Habitat Quills are not barbed. A large porcupine, up to 50-60 pounds but more commonly 30-45, closely related to the African crested porcupine (Hystrix cristata), with which its range somewhat overlaps. The legs are short and sturdy, and each foot has five toes, all equipped with powerful claws. Here are some fun facts about the fascinating creatures, and a few answers to some earnest questions. Not Really! In addition to being targeted for their quills, they are illegally hunted for their meat. These porcupines are covered with flat, bristly hairs and have quills and spines on the posterior back and flanks. The porcupine is the largest rodent in southern Africa. For bibliography, click the tab at the top of this page. The Cape Porcupine is the largest species of porcupine in the world growing up to 90cm long. Threats to Survival The Internet connection is missing right now, but you're able to browse previously opened pages offline. Warning display includes feet stamping, raising quills, and shaking rattle-quills on tail (Barthelmess 2016b). Southern half of Africa (Congo–Uganda, southward) (Barthelmess 2016b). The Cape Porcupine is very abundant in the Hantam National Botanical Garden in the Northern Cape. This skull measures ~5" long and is avail Adult pairs have daily bonding behaviors, such as mutual grooming (Corbet 1991). Begin feeding independently at 5 months old (van Aarde 1987). Their body is armed with long pliable spines, flattened bristly hairs and stout sharp quills. If cornered, it turns vicious and charges to stab its attacker with its quills. Porcupines sport a very effective defense: their hair, which has evolved into sharp quills! The Cape Porcupine (Hystrix africaeaustralis)- or the old world porcupines are members of the “Shy Five” Appearance. Young begin eating solid food at about 4 weeks (sometimes earlier) (Skinner and Chimimba 2005). 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